02.05.2023 – 05.05.2023 A Tate Papers A Pine (2)

In an Indian government hospital, a mother, Manu Bala, cries over her newborn daughter. It helped India become one of the most populous countries in the world, along with the euphoric embrace.

With tears of joy rolling down Bala’s cheeks, he was one of the more than 67,000 people who gave birth on April 24 across India. On April 24, the United Nations declared India to be the most populous country in the world, surpassing China, and more than one in six people in the world are from India.


India’s population has overtaken China’s due to rapid population growth and China’s population growth has slowed since last year’s population reached 1.42 billion.


China, which has been the world’s most populous country since the fall of the Roman Empire in the fifth century AD, is expected to drop to around one billion by the end of this century, according to the United Nations. China’s population does not include Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau.


Last year, China’s population growth rate declined for the first time in more than six decades, according to data officially released on January 17. The last time China experienced a population decline was in the early 1960s.

“I am very happy that my daughter was born on this day when India overtook China. It feels very special to be a mother on a day like this,” said Bala, a 22-year-old married woman.

“I want my little boy to work hard and do what he wants to do. I want him to have a good life,” he said.

Bala is in excruciating pain during labor in a dilapidated maternity ward in a Himalayan town’s public hospital.


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